Dracula ist ein veröffentlichter Roman des irischen Schriftstellers Bram Stoker. Die zentrale Figur, Graf Dracula, ist der wohl berühmteste Vampir der. Mit Bram Stoker's Dracula schuf Francis Ford Coppola die wohl erfolgreichste Neuinterpretation des Vampirmythos mit Keanu Reeves und Gary Oldman. Über Blu-ray Filme bei Thalia ✓»Bram Stoker's Dracula Deluxe Edition«und weitere Blu-ray Filme jetzt online bestellen!
Bram Stoker’S Dracula Weitere Formate
Der Anwaltsgehilfe Jonathan Harker wird von Graf Dracula nach Transsylvanien gebeten, um den Kauf einiger Immobilien abzuschließen. Seine Verlobte, Mina, gleicht der verstorbenen Frau des Grafen Dracula bis aufs Haar. Um sie für sich zu gewinnen. Bram Stoker's Dracula ist zugleich ein Horrorfilm und ein Liebesdrama aus dem Jahr nach dem gleichnamigen Roman Dracula von Abraham „Bram“. Dracula ist ein veröffentlichter Roman des irischen Schriftstellers Bram Stoker. Die zentrale Figur, Graf Dracula, ist der wohl berühmteste Vampir der. consumerizingssl.eu: Finden Sie Bram Stoker's Dracula in unserem vielfältigen DVD- & Blu-ray-Angebot. Gratis Versand durch Amazon ab einem Bestellwert von 29€. Bram Stoker's Dracula [dt./OV]. ()2 Std. 7 MinX-Ray Immobilienmakler Jonathan Harker (Keanu Reeves), geschäftlich unterwegs in. Über Blu-ray Filme bei Thalia ✓»Bram Stoker's Dracula Deluxe Edition«und weitere Blu-ray Filme jetzt online bestellen! Draculas Vorgeschichte. Mit seinem Roman Dracula aus dem Jahre hat der irische Schriftsteller Abraham „Bram“ Stoker die Figur eines Vampirs geschaffen,.
Dracula ist ein veröffentlichter Roman des irischen Schriftstellers Bram Stoker. Die zentrale Figur, Graf Dracula, ist der wohl berühmteste Vampir der. consumerizingssl.eu: Finden Sie Bram Stoker's Dracula in unserem vielfältigen DVD- & Blu-ray-Angebot. Gratis Versand durch Amazon ab einem Bestellwert von 29€. Dracula ist ein Klassiker des Schauerromans, ja sogar der Klassiker dieses Genres schlechthin. In Bram Stokers Werk fand eine seit Jahrhunderten durch den.
Bram Stoker’S Dracula Contribute to This Page VideoBram Stoker's Dracula - Trailer - HQ - (1992) FSK 16 . Kommentare zu Bram Stoker's Dracula werden geladen Michael Ballhaus. In der Folge besucht Mina ihre Freundin in Whitby und bemerkt, dass diese schlafwandelt. Interview mit einem Vampir. Seward mit Holmwood und Morris zusammen, die von den Plänen des Professors entsetzt sind. Wie gezeichnet sie bereits ist, wird ihr schmerzhaft bewusst, als Van Helsing sie mit einer Hostie schützen will, diese sich aber wie ein glühendes Eisen in König Der Löwen Online Stream Stirn brennt.
The captain's log narrates the gradual disappearance of the entire crew, until the captain alone remained, himself bound to the helm to maintain course.
An animal resembling "a large dog" is seen leaping ashore. It is later learned that Dracula successfully purchased multiple estates under the alias 'Count De Ville' throughout London and devised to distribute the boxes to each of them utilizing transportation services as well as moving them himself.
He does this to secure for himself lairs and the boxes of earth would be used as his graves which would grant safety and rest during times of feeding and replenishing his strength.
Lucy receives three marriage proposals from Dr. Lucy accepts Holmwood's proposal while turning down Seward and Morris, but all remain friends.
Dracula communicates with Seward's patient, Renfield , an insane man who wishes to consume insects, spiders, birds, and rats to absorb their life force.
Renfield is able to detect Dracula's presence and supplies clues accordingly. Soon Dracula is indirectly shown to be stalking Lucy. As time passes she begins to suffer from episodes of sleepwalking and dementia, as witnessed by Mina.
When Lucy begins to waste away suspiciously, Seward invites his old teacher, Abraham Van Helsing , who immediately determines the true cause of Lucy's condition.
He refuses to disclose it but diagnoses her with acute blood-loss. Van Helsing prescribes numerous blood transfusions to which he, Seward, Quincey, and Arthur all contribute over time.
Van Helsing also prescribes garlic flowers to be placed throughout her room and weaves a necklace of withered garlic blossoms for her to wear.
However she continues to waste away — appearing to lose blood every night. Van Helsing attempts to protect Lucy with garlic but fate thwarts him each night, whether Lucy's mother removes the garlic from her room, or Lucy herself does so in her restless sleep.
While both doctors are absent, Lucy and her mother are attacked by a wolf and Mrs Westenra, who has a heart condition, dies of fright.
The doctors find two small puncture marks about Lucy's neck, which Dr Seward is at a loss to understand. After Lucy also dies, Van Helsing places a golden crucifix over her mouth, ostensibly to delay or prevent Lucy's vampiric conversion.
Fate conspires against him again when Van Helsing finds the crucifix in the possession of one of the servants who stole it off Lucy's corpse.
Following Lucy's death and burial, the newspapers report children being stalked in the night by a "bloofer lady" i. The suitors and Van Helsing track her down and, after a confrontation with her, stake her heart, behead her, and fill her mouth with garlic.
Around the same time, Jonathan Harker arrives from Budapest , where Mina marries him after his escape, and he and Mina join the campaign against Dracula.
The vampire hunters stay at Dr. Seward's residence, holding nightly meetings and providing reports based on each of their various tasks. Mina discovers that each of their journals and letters collectively contain clues through which they can track Dracula down.
She tasks herself with collecting them, researching newspaper clippings, fitting the most relevant entries into chronological order and typing out copies to distribute to each of the party which they are to study.
Jonathan Harker tracks down the shipments of boxed graves and the estates which Dracula has purchased in order to store them. Van Helsing conducts research along with Dr.
Seward to analyze the behaviour of their patient Renfield who they learn is directly influenced by Dracula. They also research historical events, folklore, and superstitions from various cultures to understand Dracula's powers and weaknesses.
Van Helsing also establishes a criminal profile on Dracula in order to better understand his actions and predict his movements. Arthur Holmwood's fortune assists in funding the entire operation.
As they discover the various properties Dracula had purchased, the male protagonists team up to raid each property and are several times confronted by Dracula.
Locating each of the boxed graves scattered throughout London, they pry them open to place and seal wafers of sacramental bread within.
This act renders the boxes of earth completely useless to Dracula as he is unable to open, enter or further transport them. After Dracula learns of the group's plot against him, he attacks Mina on three occasions, and feeds Mina his own blood to control her.
This curses Mina with vampirism and changes her but does not completely turn her into a vampire.
Van Helsing attempts to bless Mina through prayer and by placing a wafer of sacrament against her forehead, but it burns her upon contact leaving a wretched scar.
Under this curse, Mina oscillates from consciousness to a semi-trance during which she perceives Dracula's surroundings and actions. Van Helsing is able to use hypnotism twice a day, at dawn and at sunset, to put her into this trance to further track Dracula's movements.
Mina, afraid of Dracula's link with her, urges the team not to tell her their plans out of fear that Dracula will be listening.
After the protagonists discover and sterilize 49 boxes found throughout his lairs in London, they learn that Dracula has fled with the missing 50th box back to his castle in Transylvania.
They pursue him under the guidance of Mina. They split up into teams once they reach Europe; Van Helsing and Mina go to Dracula's castle, while the others attempt to ambush the boat Dracula is using to reach his home.
Van Helsing raids the castle and destroys the vampire sisters. Upon discovering Dracula being transported by Gypsies , the three teams converge and attack the caravan carrying Dracula in the 50th box of earth.
After dispatching many Gypsies who were sworn to protect the Count, Harker shears Dracula through the throat with a kukri knife , while the mortally wounded Quincey stabs the Count in the heart with a Bowie knife.
Dracula crumbles to dust, and Mina is freed from her curse of vampirism, as the scar on her forehead disappears. Soon after, Quincey dies from his wounds.
The book closes with a note left by Jonathan Harker seven years after the events of the novel, detailing his married life with Mina and the birth of their son, whom they name after all four members of the party, but address as Quincey.
Young Quincey is depicted sitting on the knee of Van Helsing as they recount their adventure. Seward and Arthur have each gotten married. A small section was removed from a draft of the final chapter, in which Dracula's castle falls apart as he dies, hiding the fact that vampires were ever there.
As we looked there came a terrible convulsion of the earth so that we seemed to rock to and fro and fell to our knees.
At the same moment with a roar which seemed to shake the very heavens the whole castle and the rock and even the hill on which it stood seemed to rise into the air and scatter in fragments while a mighty cloud of black and yellow smoke volume on volume in rolling grandeur was shot upwards with inconceivable rapidity.
Then there was a stillness in nature as the echoes of that thunderous report seemed to come as with the hollow boom of a thunder-clap — the long reverberating roll which seems as though the floors of heaven shook.
Then down in a mighty ruin falling whence they rose came the fragments that had been tossed skywards in the cataclysm. From where we stood it seemed as though the one fierce volcano burst had satisfied the need of nature and that the castle and the structure of the hill had sunk again into the void.
We were so appalled with the suddenness and the grandeur that we forgot to think of ourselves. Between and , Stoker was a business manager for the Lyceum Theatre in London, where he supplemented his income by writing many sensational novels, his most successful being the vampire tale Dracula published on 26 May Throughout the s and s, authors such as H.
Wells wrote many tales in which fantastic creatures threatened to destroy life on Earth. Invasion literature was at a peak, and Stoker's formula was very familiar by to readers of fantastic adventure stories.
Victorian readers enjoyed Dracula as a good adventure story like many others, but it did not reach its legendary status until later in the 20th century when film versions began to appear.
Before writing Dracula , Stoker spent seven years researching European folklore and stories of vampires, being most influenced by Emily Gerard 's essay "Transylvania Superstitions" which includes content about a vampire myth.
However, Dracula's scholar Elizabeth Miller has remarked that aside from the name and some mention of Romanian history, the background of Stoker's Count bears no resemblance to that of Vlad III Dracula.
Later he also claimed that he had a nightmare, caused by eating too much crab meat, about a "vampire king" rising from his grave. Although it is a widely known vampire novel, Dracula was not the first.
John Polidori created the image of a vampire portrayed as an aristocratic man, like the character of Dracula, in his tale " The Vampyre " , based on Lord Byron 's unfinished vampire story.
The Lyceum Theatre where Stoker worked between and was headed by actor-manager Henry Irving , who was Stoker's real-life inspiration for Dracula's mannerisms and who Stoker hoped would play Dracula in a stage version.
The Dead Un-Dead was one of Stoker's original titles for Dracula , and the manuscript was entitled simply The Un-Dead up until a few weeks before publication.
Stoker's notes for Dracula show that the name of the count was originally "Count Wampyr", but Stoker became intrigued by the name "Dracula" while doing research, after reading William Wilkinson 's book An Account of the Principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia with Political Observations Relative to Them London ,  which he found in the Whitby Library and consulted a number of times during visits to Whitby in the s.
In the present day however, dracul means "the devil". Costing six shillings, the novel was bound in yellow cloth and titled in red letters. Dracula was not an immediate bestseller when it was first published, although reviewers were unstinting in their praise.
According to literary historians Nina Auerbach and David J. Skal in the Norton Critical Edition, the novel has become more significant for modern readers than it was for Victorian readers, most of whom enjoyed it just as a good adventure story.
It reached its broad and iconic status only later in the 20th century when the movie versions appeared. It did not make much money for Stoker.
Murnau's unauthorized adaptation of the story was released in theatres in in the form of Nosferatu. Stoker's widow took affront and, during the legal battle that followed, the novel's popularity started to grow.
Nosferatu was followed by a highly successful stage adaptation, touring the UK for three years before arriving in the US where Stoker's creation caught Hollywood's attention and, after the American movie version was released, the book has never been out of print.
However, some Victorian fans were ahead of the time, describing it as "the sensation of the season" and "the most blood-curdling novel of the paralysed century".
I think it is the very best story of diablerie which I have read for many years. Similarly good reviews appeared when the book was published in the U.
In his long essay, " Supernatural Horror in Literature ", American horror author and historian of the genre, H. In the last several decades, literary and cultural scholars have offered diverse analyses of Stoker's novel and the character of Count Dracula.
Bentley reads Dracula as an embodiment of the Freudian id. Senf reads the novel as a response to the New Woman archetype,  while Christopher Craft sees Dracula as embodying latent homosexuality and sees the text as an example of a 'characteristic, if hyperbolic instance of Victorian anxiety over the potential fluidity of gender roles'.
Arata interprets the events of the novel as anxiety over colonialism and racial mixing ,  and Talia Schaffer construes the novel as an indictment of Oscar Wilde.
Bruno Starrs understands the novel to be a pro- Catholic pamphlet promoting proselytization. Dracula is a work of fiction, but it does contain some historical references; although it is a matter of conjecture and debate as to how much historical connection was deliberate on Stoker's part.
During his main reign — , "Vlad the Impaler" is said to have killed from 40, to , European civilians political rivals, criminals, and anyone that he considered "useless to humanity" , mainly by impaling.
The sources depicting these events are records by Saxon settlers in neighbouring Transylvania who had frequent clashes with Vlad III.
Vlad III is revered as a folk hero by Romanians for driving off the invading Ottoman Turks , of whom his impaled victims are said to have included as many as , Historically, the name "Dracula" is derived from a Chivalric order called the Order of the Dragon , founded by Sigismund of Luxembourg then king of Hungary to uphold Christianity and defend the Holy Roman Empire against the Ottoman Turks.
Vlad II Dracul , father of Vlad III, was admitted to the order around , after which Vlad II wore the emblem of the order and later, as ruler of Wallachia, his coinage bore the dragon symbol, from which the name "Dracula" is derived since "dracul" in Romanian means "the dragon".
The name "Dracula" became popular in Romania after publication of Stoker's book. Contrary to popular belief, the name Dracula does not translate to "son of the devil" in Romanian , which would be "fiul diavolului".
Stoker came across the name Dracula in his reading on Romanian history , and chose this to replace the name Count Wampyr originally intended for his villain.
Who was it but one of my own race who as Voivode crossed the Danube and beat the Turk on his own ground? This was a Dracula indeed!
Woe was it that his own unworthy brother, when he had fallen, sold his people to the Turk and brought the shame of slavery on them! Was it not this Dracula, indeed, who inspired that other of his race who in a later age again and again brought his forces over the great river into Turkey-land; who, when he was beaten back, came again, and again, though he had to come alone from the bloody field where his troops were being slaughtered, since he knew that he alone could ultimately triumph!
Chapter 3, pp. He must, indeed, have been that Voivode Dracula who won his name against the Turk, over the great river on the very frontier of Turkey-land.
Chapter 18, p. Many of Stoker's biographers and literary critics have found strong similarities to the earlier Irish writer Sheridan Le Fanu 's classic of the vampire genre Carmilla.
The Irish legend of Abhartach has also been suggested as a source. In , McNally additionally suggested that Stoker was influenced by the history of Hungarian Countess Elizabeth Bathory , who allegedly tortured and killed between 36 and young women.
Haining and Tremaine maintain that, during this visit, Stoker was especially impressed by Slains Castle's interior and the surrounding landscape.
Miller and Leatherdale question the stringency of this connection. Many of the scenes in Whitby and London are based on real places that Stoker frequently visited, although he distorts the geography for the sake of the story in some cases.
One scholar has suggested that Stoker chose Whitby as the site of Dracula's first appearance in England because of the Synod of Whitby , given the novel's preoccupation with timekeeping and calendar disputes.
The short story "Dracula's Guest" was posthumously published in , two years after Stoker's death. It was, according to most contemporary critics, the deleted first or second chapter from the original manuscript  and the one which gave the volume its name,  : but which the original publishers deemed unnecessary to the overall story.
It is Walpurgis Night and the young Englishman foolishly leaves his hotel, in spite of the coachman's warnings, and wanders through a dense forest alone.
Along the way, he feels that he is being watched by a tall and thin stranger possibly Count Dracula. The short story climaxes in an old graveyard where the Englishman, caught in a blizzard, takes refuge in the marble tomb of "Countess Dolingen of Gratz".
Within the tomb, he sees the Countess—apparently asleep and healthy—but before he can investigate further, a mysterious force throws him clear of the tomb.
A lightning bolt then strikes the tomb, destroying it and incinerating the undead screaming countess. The Englishman then loses consciousness. He awakens to find a "gigantic" wolf lying on his chest and licking at his throat; however, the wolf merely keeps him warm and protects him until help arrives.
When the Englishman is finally taken back to his hotel, a telegram awaits him from his expectant host Dracula, with a warning about "dangers from snow and wolves and night".
The Swedish scholar Rickard Berghorn noted that the description of the blonde countess in Dracula's Guest closely resembled the description of Josephine in the Powers of Darkness , which he used to argue that the countess and Josephine were meant to be the same character.
Powers of Darkness , by contrast, is written in a concise, punchy style; each scene adds to the progress of the plot. Dacre Stoker and J.
Barker will write a prequel to Dracula titled Dracul. An interpretation of the missing pages of the original novel, it was pieced together from Bram Stoker's editorial notes, artifacts, and journals.
The story of Dracula has been the basis for numerous films and plays. According to lore, Dracula needs the dirt of his home country to remain healthy.
The group attempts to destroy the boxes so that Dracula has no means of regeneration. The vampire disappears and returns to Transylvania only to be followed by the determined group.
They find him buried in the final box of dirt and promptly cut off his head and stab him through his heart. Dracula crumbles into dust.
The vampire hunters also lose one of their own, Quincey Morris, during the expedition. Vlad impaled his enemies on stakes to consolidate his political power in Walachia.
One account also claimed that while his victims were dying atop the stakes, Vlad would dip bread in their blood and eat it in front of them, but that account is unconfirmed.
Dracula has been interpreted as an expression of anxiety about eastern Europeans invading western Europe, as represented by a Transylvanian who arrives in London and terrorizes its residents.
Some critics argue that the novel is about the relationship between the past and the future, with Count Dracula perhaps representing the primitive nature of the past as it permeates the present and challenges modernization.
She dies by the hand of the past, despite the use of modern medical technology. Stoker might be acknowledging contemporary suspicions about the effectiveness of new technology.
Dracula was well received when it was published, but its success is even better measured by the number of adaptations it inspired.
These adaptations began in , when the novel was plagiarized in the silent motion picture Nosferatu , in which the director F. Duplicates were created, and thus Nosferatu survived.
Since then vampires of the same kind have appeared across popular culture. Dracula Article Media Additional Info. Article Contents. Print print Print.
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